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59831-01 - Arbeitsgemeinschaft: Arab Marxism and Islam: The Global History of Revolutionary Movements in the Middle East in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries 3 KP

Semester Herbstsemester 2020
Angebotsmuster Jedes Herbstsemester
Inhalt This workshop will explore Arab Marxism in both historical and thematic perspectives. The struggle for political participation, social justice and legal equality was a key element of radical socialist and communist movements that emerged in Arab countries before and after World War I. These movements mobilized the masses, organized the workers, formed political parties and called for political demonstrations or, in some instances, for armed revolution. The spread of radical ideas among workers, the middle class, and intellectuals mirrored the growing integration of Arab societies into a globalized economy from the nineteenth century onwards.
Ideologically, the main domestic opponents of Marxist/Communist movements in many Arab countries were Arab nationalist and Islamist movements both of whom connected citizenship rights to national and/or religious identity and strove to establish a homogeneous nation. In contrast, the radical left recruited followers from all sectors of Arab societies, especially from religious and ethnical minorities as well as members of foreign nationalities. Women participated also in communist/Marxist movements, but sources reveal the male-dominated cultures inside these movements and the little attention they gave to the struggle for women’s rights.
In spite of the political differences, communists throughout history formed part-time alliances with nationalist, Islamists and authoritarian states, often with detrimental results. Moreover, the rigid structures of communist parties did not favour internal democracy. After 1990, the communist movement lost influence and many former supporters moved onwards to liberal or Islamist ideas, as part of an often bitter learning process. The remaining as well as newly emerging leftist groups are experimenting with new forms of organisation, mobilisation, action, and ideological mixture. A higher sensibility for questions of citizenship rights is characteristic for the post-Communist left. In the recent civil uprisings of 2010/11 and 2019/2020 in many Arab countries, many leftist movements are present, but they represent mainly one contested ideological current among others.
Lernziele The learning objective comprises an in-depth understanding of the following themes:

1. Socialist and Communist Movements before and after World War I

2. Women Participation and Women Rights in Marxist/Communist Movements

3. Communist/Marxist Movements and Religion

4. Leftism in the Recent Uprisings in the Arab World
Literatur The literature will be provided on ADAM
Bemerkungen The workshop will be held online.
The number of participants is limited to 15.


Unterrichtssprache Englisch
Einsatz digitaler Medien kein spezifischer Einsatz


Intervall Block
Datum 25.09.2020 – 26.09.2020
Zeit Siehe Detailangaben
Datum Zeit Raum
Freitag 25.09.2020 14.00-18.00 Uhr - Online Präsenz -, --
Samstag 26.09.2020 09.00-13.00 Uhr - Online Präsenz -, --
Module Doktorat Near & Middle Eastern Studies: Empfehlungen (Promotionsfach Near & Middle Eastern Studies)
Modul: Themen der Near & Middle Eastern Studies (Master Studienfach Near & Middle Eastern Studies)
Leistungsüberprüfung Lehrveranst.-begleitend
An-/Abmeldung zur Leistungsüberprüfung Anmelden: Belegen; Abmelden: nicht erforderlich
Wiederholungsprüfung keine Wiederholungsprüfung
Skala Pass / Fail
Wiederholtes Belegen beliebig wiederholbar
Zuständige Fakultät Philosophisch-Historische Fakultät, studadmin-philhist@unibas.ch
Anbietende Organisationseinheit Fachbereich Nahost-Studien