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71227-01 - Seminar: International Peace and Conflict: Religion, Politics and Law 3 KP

Semester Frühjahrsemester 2024
Angebotsmuster einmalig
Dozierende Maria Birnbaum (maria.birnbaum@unibas.ch, BeurteilerIn)
Inhalt The seminar will explore cases and concepts that inform contemporary international political theory and legal practice concerning cultural and religious diversity, including human rights, tolerance, religious freedom, and the creation and protection of religious minorities. Through the detailed study of cases such as citizenship status in the Israel-Palestine conflict, the Indian government’s regulation of Muslim sacred places, or the resistance against US-American exploitation of indigenous land rights, we explore the political logics and historical settings of various attempts to conceptualize, institutionalize, and manage social and religious and cultural difference and conflict. Questions to be discussed include: How do modern law and political practice deal with the conflicts and regulate the spaces within which individuals and groups live out their cultural and religious lives? What are the histories and politics of modern constructs of religious rights, toleration, and freedom? The seminar integrates readings across disciplinary boundaries to explore these questions, drawing on international political theory, law, anthropology, history, and sociology of religion
Literatur Questioning Religion and Politics

March 1


March 8

• Smith, Jonathan Z. 1998. Religion, Religions, Religious, in: Taylor, Mark C. (ed.): Critical Terms for Religious Studies (Chicago: University of Chicago Press): 269-282.

Further reading

• Shakman Hurd, E. 2015. Beyond Religious Freedom: The New Global Politics of Religion, Princeton University Press, pp. 1-21.
• Smith, C. 2017. Religion. What it Is, How it Works, and Why it Matters, Princeton University Press, Chapter 1.
• Mahmood, Saba. 2006. Secularism, Hermeneutics, and Empire: The Politics of Islamic Reformation. Public Culture 2006 18(2): 323-347.
• Masuzawa, Tomoko. 2005. The Invention of World Religions: Or, How European Universalism Was Preserved in the Language of Pluralism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005, Introduction
• Hussin, Iza. 2018. “‘The New Global Politics of Religion’: Religious Harmony, Public Order, and Securitisation in the Post-Colony.” Journal of Religious and Political Practice 4 (1): 93–106.
• Marzouki, Nadia. 2017. Islam: An American Religion. Translated by Christopher Jon Delogu. New York: Columbia University Press.

Politics, Secularism, and Religion

March 15

• Asad, Talal 2003. Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003: 1-26
• Shakman-Hurd, Elizabeth. 2004. The Political Authority of Secularism in International Relations, European Journal of International Relations, vol 10, no. 2

Further reading
• Casanova, José. 1994. Public Religions in the Modern World. University of Chicago Press. Chapters 1, 2, 8. For summary see: José Casanova, “Rethinking Secularization,” Hedgehog Review 8, 1–2 (2006): 7–22
• Scott, David and Charles Hirschkind, eds. 2006. Powers of the Secular Modern. Stanford. Chapters 1, 2, 3.
• Asad, Talal. 1993. Genealogies of Religion. Discipline and Reasons of Power in Christianity and Islam. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press
• Talal Asad and Abdullahi an-Naim in conversation:
o https://tif.ssrc.org/2009/11/09/religion-law-and-human-rights/ https://tif.ssrc.org/2009/11/09/video-talal-asad-and-abdullahi-an-naim-in-coversation/

March 22
• Dressler Markus and Mandair, Arvind-Pal S. 2011. Rethinking secularism: Religion-making, in: The Immanent Frame: https://tif.ssrc.org/2011/10/26/religion-making/
• Connolly, William 1999. Why I am not a Secularist, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press: 19-36(46)

Further reading
• Hurd, Elizabeth Shakman. 2012. “International Politics after Secularism.” Review of International Studies 38 (5): 943–61.
• Jansen, Yolande. 2013. Secularism, Assimilation, and the Crisis of Multiculturalism: French Modernist Legacies. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam Press.
• Årsheim, Helge. 2018. Making Religion and Human Rights at the United Nations. Religion and Society, Volume 67. Boston: De Gruyter.
• Batnitzky, Leora. 2011. How Judaism Became a Religion: An Introduction to Modern Jewish Thought. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.
• Blankholm, Joseph. 2022. The Secular Paradox: On the Religiosity of the Not Religious. Secular Studies. New York: New York University Press.
• Mahmood, Saba. 2017. “Secularism, Sovereignty, and Religious Difference: A Global Genealogy?” Environment and Planning D-Society & Space 35 (2): 197–209.
• Yelle, Robert A. 2019. Sovereignty and the Sacred: Secularism and the Political Economy of Religion. Chicago ; London: The University of Chicago Press.

March 29  No seminar: Essay on one of the following questions:

• Why, and to what extent, does secularism vary between states?
• What is the relationship between secularism (and/or 'the secular') and the power of the state? How does this relationship vary across time and space?
• Comparing two definitions of 'secular,' explain: their major differences, the assumptions that underlie these differences, and the kinds of analytic questions raised. What is at stake in these definitions of secular?

Global Politics and Religion

April 5


• Agensky, Jonathan 2017. ‘Recognizing Religion: Politics, History, and the “Long 19th Century”’, European Journal of International Relations 23, no. 4 (2017): 729–55
• Bosco, Robert M. 2009. “Persistent Orientalisms: The Concept of Religion in International Relations.” Journal of International Relations and Development 12 (1): 90–111.

Further reading
• Pasha, Mustapha Kamal. 2017. ‘Religion and the Fabrication of Race’, Millennium – Journal of International Studies 45, no. 3 (2017): 312–34
• Mavelli, Luca, and Fabio Petito. 2012. “The Postsecular in International Relations: An Overview.” Review of International Studies 38 (5): 931–42.
• Barbato, Mariano. 2012. “Postsecular Revolution: Religion after the End of History.” Review of International Studies 38 (5): 1079–97.
• Huntington, Samuel P. 1993. The Clash of Civilizations? Foreign Affairs 72, no. 3: 22-49.
• Menchik, J. 2017. The Constructivist Approach to Religion and World Politics, Comparative Politics 49(4): 561-581.
• Birnbaum, Maria. 2020. “Recognizing Diversity: Establishing Religious Difference in Pakistan and Israel.” In Culture and Order in World Politics, edited by Andrew Phillips and Christian Reus-Smit, 1st ed., 250–70. Cambridge University Press.
• Lynch, Cecelia. 2014. “A Neo-Weberian Approach to Studying Religion and Violence.” Millennium-Journal of International Studies 43 (1): 273–90.

Colonial Politics, History, and Religion

April 12

• Cohn, Bernard S. 1996. Colonialism and Its Forms of Knowledge: The British in India. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, 3-15
• Adcock, C.S. “Sacred Cows and Secular History: Cow Protection Debates in Colonial North India.” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 30, no. 2 (2010): 297-311.
• Chatterjee, Nandini “Muslim or Christian? Family Quarrels and Religious Diagnosis in a Colonial Court.” American Historical Review 117, no. 4 (October 2012): 1101-1122.

Further reading
• Kolsky, Elizabeth. 2005. “Codification and the Rule of Colonial Difference.” Law and History Review 23:3, 631-683
• Li, Darryl .The Universal Enemy, Jihad, Empire, and the Challenge of Solidarity. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2020.
• Said, Edward.1993. Culture and Imperialism. Knopf.
• Chidester, David. Empire of Religion: Imperialism and Comparative Religion. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014.

April 19

• Aydin, Cemil.The Idea of the Muslim World: A Global Intellectual History. Harvard 2017.
• Hussin, Iza. The Politics of Islamic Law: Local Elites, Colonial Authority, and the Making of the Muslim State. Chicago 2016

Further reading
• Birnbaum, Maria. 2022. “Entangled Empire: Religion and the Transnational History of Pakistan and Israel.” Millennium: Journal of International Studies 50 (2): 561–90.
• Hartikainen, Elina Inkeri. 2019. “Candomblé and the Academic’s Tools: Religious Expertise and the Binds of Recognition in Brazil.” American Anthropologist 121 (4): 815–29.
• Shaikh, Farzana. ‘Muslims and Political Representation in Colonial India: The Making of Pakistan’, Sudipta Kaviraj, ‘The Imaginary Institution of India’, in P. Chatterjee and G. Pandey (eds), Subaltern Studies: Writings on South Asian History and Society, Vol. 7, (10 vols, Delhi, 1993), 1-39.
• Devji, Faisal. 2007. “Minority as a Political Form.” In From the Colonial to the Postcolonial: India and Pakistan in Transition, edited by Dipesh Chakrabarty, Rochana Majumdar, and Andrew Sartori, 85–96. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Global Politics of Religious Freedom

April 26

• Select three contributions from Forum on the Politics of Religious Freedom: http://tif.ssrc.org/category/exchanges/religion-world-affairs/the-politics-of-religious-freedom/
• Tamir Moustafa 2014. The Politics of Religious Freedom in Malaysia, 29 Md. J. Int'l L. 481.or: Tamir Moustafa 2014. Judging in God’s Name: State Power, Secularism, and the Politics of Islamic Law in Malaysia. Oxford Journal of Law and Religion 3 (1): 152–67, 2014.

Further reading
• Emon, Anver “Under Layered Suspicion: A Review of CRA Audits of Muslim Led Charities.” https://www.layeredsuspicion.ca
• Hurd, Elizabeth Shakman. 2015. Beyond Religious Freedom: The New Global Politics of Religion. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
• Scherer, Matthew. 2015. The New Religious Freedom: Secular Fictions and Church Autonomy. In: Politics and Religion 8: 544-564.

May 3

• Sullivan, Winnifred Fallers, Elizabeth Shakman Hurd, Saba Mahmood, and Peter G. Danchin, eds. 2015. Politics of Religious Freedom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press: 1-9
• Philpott Daniel and Timothy Samuel Shah 2017, “In Defense of Religious Freedom: New Critics of a Beleaguered Human Right,” Journal of Law and Religion, 31:3: 380-395.

Further reading
• Adcock, C.S. . 2013. The Limits of Tolerance: Indian Secularism and the Politics of Religious Freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
• Tamir Moustafa, Constituting Religion: Islam, Liberal Rights, and the Malaysian State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018
• Mahmood, Saba. 2012. “Religious Freedom, the Minority Question, and Geopolitics in the Middle East.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 54 (2): 418–46.

Politics, Pluralism, and Religious Minorities

May 17

• Mahmood, Saba, and Peter G. Danchin. 2014. “Immunity or Regulation? Antinomies of Religious Freedom.” South Atlantic Quarterly 113 (1): 129–59.
• Pink, Johanna. 2003. “A Post-Qur’ānic Religion Between Apostasy and Public Order: Egyptian Muftis and Courts on the Legal Status of the Bahā’ī Faith.” Islamic Law and Society 10 (3): 409–34.

Further reading
• Agrama, Hussein Ali. 2010. ‘Secularism, Sovereignty, Indeterminacy: Is Egypt a Secular or a Religious State?’ Comparative Studies in Society and History 52, no. 3 (2010): 503.
• Abbott, Andrew (1995): Things of boundaries, in: Social research 62(4)
• Crosson, Experiments with Power: Preface (ix-xiv), Introduction (1-35), Interlude 1 & Chap. 1(“What Obeah Does Do: Religion, Violence & Law” (39-64), Interlude 4 & Chap. 4 (“Bloodlines: Race, Sacrifice, and the Making of Religion,” Interlude 5 & Chap. 5 (“A Tongue between Nations: Spiritual Work, Secularism, and the Art of Crossover” (131-192); Epilogue: The Ends of Tolerance” (237-256).
• Jansen, Yolande & Nasar Meer, “Genealogies of ‘Jews’ and ‘Muslims’: Social Imaginaries in the Race-Religion Nexus.” Patterns of Prejudice 54: 1-2, 1-14.
• Anidjar, Gil. Semites: Race, Religion, Literature. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2007.
• Paton, Diana. The Cultural Politics of Obeah: Religion, Colonialism and Modernity in the Caribbean World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.
• Mufti, Aamir ‘Secularism and Minority: Elements of a Critique’, Social Text, 45/Winter (1995), pp. 75-96. Modem Asian Studies, 20/3 (1986), 539-557

Law and Religion

May 24

• Sullivan, Winnifred Winnifred Fallers Law, in: Vocabulary for the Study of Religion, ed. Robert A. Segal and Kocku von Stuckrad (Leiden: Brill, 2015): 323-30
• De Roover, Jakob. 2020. Secular Law and the Realm of False Religion. In: After Secular Law, edited by Winnifred Fallers Sullivan, Robert A. Yelle, and Mateo Taussig-Rubbo, 43–61. Stanford University Press.

Further reading
• Sullivan, Winnifred Fallers. 2018. The Impossibility of Religious Freedom, 2nd ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press
• Comaroff, John. 2009. Reflections on the Rise of Legal Theology: Law and Religion in the Twenty-First Century, Social Analysis, Vol. 53 Issue 1, 193-216.
• Oraby, Mona and Winnifred Fallers Sullivan 2020, Law and Religion: Reimagining the Entanglement of Two Universals, Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 16:1, 257-276

May 31

• Kapur, Ratna 2014. The “Ayodhya” Case: Hindu Majoritarianism and the Right to Religious Liberty, 29 Md. J. Int'l L. 305.
• Jaffrelot, Christophe. 2015. “Ayodhya Issue.” In The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Nationalism, edited by Anthony D Smith, Xiaoshuo Hou, John Stone, Rutledge Dennis, and Polly Rizova, Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.: 1–3.

Further reading
• Berger, Benjamin L. 2015. Law’s Religion: Religious Difference and the Claims of Constitutionalism. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
• Fernando, Mayanthi. 2010 "Reconfiguring Freedom: Muslim Piety and the Limits of Secular Law and Public Discourse in France." American Ethnologist 37, no. 1 (2010): 19-35
Bemerkungen Number of places is limited to 35 students. In case of overbooking, priority will be given to students of the Master's Program in European Global Studies.

Office Hours: Please schedule your appointments for office hours during the semester via email at Maria.Birnbaum@unibas.ch. I encourage you to come to office hours to go over questions or concerns you may have about the course and the preparation of the paper.

Accessability: One of my priorities is to create a learning environment that is welcoming to all students. If you have special circumstances that impact your life as a student (i.e. child or elder care duties, financial or other personal concerns), please inform me as early as possible so that we can work together to ensure your success in this class.
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Intervall Wochentag Zeit Raum
wöchentlich Freitag 10.15-12.00 Riehenstrasse 154, Hörsaal 00.015


Datum Zeit Raum
Freitag 01.03.2024 10.15-12.00 Uhr Riehenstrasse 154, Hörsaal 00.015
Freitag 08.03.2024 10.15-12.00 Uhr Riehenstrasse 154, Hörsaal 00.015
Freitag 15.03.2024 10.15-12.00 Uhr Riehenstrasse 154, Hörsaal 00.015
Freitag 22.03.2024 10.15-12.00 Uhr Riehenstrasse 154, Hörsaal 00.015
Freitag 29.03.2024 10.15-12.00 Uhr Ostern
Freitag 05.04.2024 10.15-12.00 Uhr Riehenstrasse 154, Hörsaal 00.015
Freitag 12.04.2024 10.15-12.00 Uhr Riehenstrasse 154, Hörsaal 00.015
Freitag 19.04.2024 10.15-12.00 Uhr Riehenstrasse 154, Hörsaal 00.015
Freitag 26.04.2024 10.15-12.00 Uhr Riehenstrasse 154, Hörsaal 00.015
Freitag 03.05.2024 10.15-12.00 Uhr Riehenstrasse 154, Hörsaal 00.015
Freitag 10.05.2024 10.15-12.00 Uhr Auffahrt
Freitag 17.05.2024 10.15-12.00 Uhr Riehenstrasse 154, Hörsaal 00.015
Freitag 24.05.2024 10.15-12.00 Uhr Riehenstrasse 154, Hörsaal 00.015
Freitag 31.05.2024 10.15-12.00 Uhr Riehenstrasse 154, Hörsaal 00.015
Module Modul: Conflicts and Peacebuilding (Master Studiengang: Changing Societies: Migration – Conflicts – Resources )
Modul: Erweiterung Gesellschaftswissenschaften M.A. (Master Studienfach: Politikwissenschaft)
Modul: Geschichte, Literatur, Religion (Master Studienfach: Jüdische Studien)
Modul: Vertiefung Politikwissenschaft M.A. (Master Studienfach: Politikwissenschaft)
Vertiefungsmodul Global Europe: Friedens- und Konfliktforschung (Masterstudium: European Global Studies)
Leistungsüberprüfung Lehrveranst.-begleitend
Hinweise zur Leistungsüberprüfung Written assignments: There are two required written assignments:

1. Each seminar participant will write an abstract on one reading for each class, due on mid-day the day before class
2. Essay 3000-4000 words, due either mid-day, April 4 or June 7. Detailed description of requirements for paper will follow in class.

Evaluation: Final grades will be based upon 1) attendance and participation (25%); 2) written abstracts (25%); 3) essay (50%).

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Zuständige Fakultät Universität Basel
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