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72414-01 - Seminar: History of Minorities in the Modern Middle East 3 KP

Semester Herbstsemester 2024
Angebotsmuster einmalig
Dozierende Aline Schläpfer (aline.schlaepfer@unibas.ch, BeurteilerIn)
Inhalt This seminar is a historical survey of the relations between Muslims and non-Muslims, from the rise of Islam until decolonization. By looking at Muslim scriptures (Quran and Hadith), students first learn about the circumstances in which non-Muslims acquired a legal status under Muslim rule, and follow the changes in their position (ahl al-kitab, dhimma, millet, ta’ifa), under various Muslim Empires. In the second part of the course, students are encouraged to reflect on the impact of the transition between the Ottoman Empire and the modern nation-state after the collapse of the Ottomans, when many non-Muslim groups technically became “minorities” in secular states. The course focuses on Jews and Christians, but also covers heterodox communities, often considered non-Muslims by Muslim rulers.
Lernziele forthcoming
Literatur Akbarzadeh, Shahram (ed.), Routledge Handbook of International Relations in the Middle East, Abingdon, Oxon, Routledge, 2019.
Armanios, Febe, Coptic Christianity in Ottoman Egypt, Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, 2015.
Asad, Muhammad, The Message of The Quran (translated and explained), Bristol, Book Foundation, 2012 (1980).
Beaugrand, Claire, “Deconstructing Minorities/Majorities in Parliamentary Gulf States (Kuwait and Bahrain)”, British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 43/2, 2016, pp. 234 49.
Behar, Moshe, and Benite, Zvi Ben-Dor, Modern Middle Eastern Jewish Thought Writings on Identity, Politics, and Culture 1893-1958, Waltham, Brandeis University Press, 2013.
Benjamen, Alda (ed.), Rountable “Minoritization and Pluralism in the Modern Middle East”, International Journal of Middle East Studies 50/4, 2018, pp. 757 59.
___, Assyrians in Modern Iraq. Negotiating Political and Cultural Space, Cambridge, CUP, 2022.
Borrut, Antoine, Donner, Fred et al., ed., Christians and Others in the Umayyad State, Late Antique and Medieval Islamic Near East No. 1, University of Chicago, Thomson-Shore, Dexter, Michigan, 2016.
Braude, Benjamin, and Bernard Lewis (ed.), Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire: The Functioning of a Plural Society, New York, Holmes & Meier Publishers, 1982.
Cohen, Emile, “The Hashemite Period: New Roles for Iraqi Jews”, BISI Conference, London, 18 September 2018, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oqPU8VuI1Sc.
Cohen, Julia Phillips, Becoming Ottomans: Sephardi Jews and Imperial Citizenship in the Modern Era, Oxford; New York, Oxford University Press, 2014.
Cohen, M., “What Was the Pact of ’Umar? A Literary-Historical Study”, Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 23, 1999, pp. 100 157.
Cohen, Mark R., Cohen, Mark R. Under crescent and Cross: the Jews in the Middle Ages, Princeton, PUP, 1994.
Crone, Patricia, The Nativist Prophets of Early Islamic Iran, Cambridge, CUP, 2012.
Der Matossian, Bedross, Shattered Dreams of Revolution: From Liberty to Violence in the Late Ottoman Empire, Stanford, Stanford University Press, 2014.
Deshen, Shlomo A. (ed) and Zenner, Walter P., Jews among Muslims: Communities in the Precolonial Middle East, New York, NYU Press, 1996.
Donner, Fred McGraw, Muhammad and the Believers: At the Origins of Islam, Cambridge, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2012.
Emon, Anver M., Religious Pluralism and Islamic Law: Dhimmīs and Others in the Empire of Law, Oxford, Oxford Univ. Press, 2014.
Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs, Brill online
Firges, Pascal et al., Well-Connected Domains: Towards an Entangled Ottoman History, Leiden, Brill, 2014.
Friedmann, Yohanan, Tolerance and Coercion in Islam: Interfaith Relations in the Muslim Tradition, Cambridge, CUP, 2003.
Fuccaro, Nelida, The Other Kurds: Yazidis in Colonial Iraq, London; New York, I. B. Tauris, 1999.
Ghazal, Amal, “Transcending Area Studies. Piecing Together the Cross-Regional Networks of Ibadi Islam”, Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 34/3, 2014, 582 89.
Goddard, Hugh. A History of Christian-Muslim Relations, Chicago, New Amsterdam Books, 2020 (2000).
Goitein, S. D., “Minority Self Rule and Government Control in Islam”, Studia Islamica 31, 1970, pp. 101 16.
Goitein, Shelomo Dov et al., A Mediterranean Society; the Jewish Communities of the Arab World as Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1967.
Goldstein-Sabbah, S. R, et Murre-van den Berg, Heleen (éd.), Modernity, Minority, and the Public Sphere: Jews and Christians in the Middle East, Leiden, Brill, 2016.
Guirguis, Laure, and Bozarslan, Hamit, Les coptes d’Égypte: violences communautaires et transformations politiques (2005-2012), Paris, Karthala, 2012.
Halperin, Liora R., Babel in Zion: Jews, Nationalism, and Language Diversity in Palestine, 1920-1948, New Haven, Yale University Press, 2014.
Halperin, Liora R., Babel in Zion: Jews, Nationalism, and Language Diversity in Palestine, 1920-1948, New Haven, Yale University Press, 2014.
Harel, Yaron, Syrian Jewry in Transition, 1840-1880, Oxford, The Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2010.
Herman, Geoffrey, Jews, Christians, and Zoroastrians: Religious Dynamics in a Sasanian Context, Piscataway, NJ, Gorgias Press, 2014.
Heyberger, Bernard, Les chrétiens au Proche-Orient: de la compassion à la compréhension, Paris, Payot & Rivages, 2013.
Koçunyan, Aylin, “The Transcultural Dimension of the Ottoman Constitution”, in Well-Connected Domains: Towards an Entangled Ottoman History, Firges, Pascal et al. (éd.), Leiden, Brill, 2014, pp. 235 58.
Levy-Rubin, Milka, Non-Muslims in the Early Islamic Empire: From Surrender to Coexistence, Cambridge, CUP, 2013.
Lewis, Bernard, Jews of Islam, Princeton, PUP, 1984.
Mahmood, Saba, Religious difference in a Secular Age. A Minority Report, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2016.
Makdisi, Ussama Samir, The Culture of Sectarianism: Community, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon, Berkeley, University of California Press, 2000.
Masters, Bruce, Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Arab World the Roots of Sectarianism, New York, CUP, 2001.
Matthiesen, Toby, The Other Saudis: Shiism, Dissent and Sectarianism, Cambridge, CUP, 2014.
Meddeb, Abdelwahab, Stora, Benjamin, (ed.), A History of Jewish-Muslim Relations: From the Origins to the Present Day, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2013.
Monsutti, Alessandro, Naef, Silvia, and Sabahi, Farian (ed.), The other Shiites: from the Mediterranean to Central Asia, Bern, Peter Lang, 2007.
Neusner, Jacob et al. (éd.), The Encyclopedia of Judaism, New York, Continuum, 1999.
Newby, Gordon Darnell, A History of the Jews of Arabia: From Ancient Times to Their Eclipse under Islam, Columbia, University of South Carolina Press, 1988.
Nga Longva, Anh, et Roald, Anne Sofie (éd.), Religious Minorities in the Middle East: Domination, Self-Empowerment, Leiden, Brill, 2012.
Robson, Laura, Minorities and the Modern Arab World: New Perspectives, New York, Syracuse University Press, 2016.
Rowe, Paul (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Minorities in the Middle East, New York, Routledge, 2019.
Rowe, Paul S., “The Middle Eastern Christian as Agent”, International Journal of Middle East Studies 42, 2010, pp. 472-474.
Schlaepfer, Aline, Les intellectuels juifs de Bagdad. Discours et allégeances (1908-1951), Leiden, Brill, 2016.
Shami, Seteney, “Aqalliyya/Minority in Modern Egyptian Discourse”, In Words in Motion: Toward a Global Lexicon, Carol Gluck et Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing (éd.), Duke University Press, 2009, pp. 151 73.
Sharkey, Heather Jane, A history of Muslims, Christians, and Jews in the Middle East, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2017.
Shields, Sarah, From Millet to Nation: The Limits of Consociational Resolutions for Middle East Conflict, Robert Schuman Centre, 2011.
Shohat, Ella, “The Invention of Judeo-Arabic”, Interventions 19/2, 2017, pp. 153 200.
Simonsohn, Uriel, A Common Justice: The Legal Allegiances of Christians and Jews under Early Islam, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.
Stillman, Norman A., The Jews of Arab Lands in Modern Times, Philadelphia, The Jewish Publication Society, 1991.
Stillman, Norman, et Ackerman-Lieberman, Phillip Isaac (éd.), Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Leiden, Brill, 2010.
Szanto, Edith, « “Zoroaster Was a Kurd!”: Neo-Zoroastrianism among the Iraqi Kurds », Iran and the Caucasus 22/1, 2018, pp. 96 110.
Tejel Gorgas, Jordi, and White, Benjamin (ed.), “The Fragments Imagine the Nation? Minorities in the Modern Middle East and North Africa”, British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 43/2 (special issue), 2016, pp. 135 39.
Tritton, Arthur Stanley, The Caliphs and Their Non-Muslim Subjects: A critical Study of the Covenant of ʿUmar, London, F. Cass, 1970.
Weiss, Max, In the Shadow of Sectarianism: Law, Shiism, and the Making of Modern Lebanon, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2010.
White, Benjamin Thomas, The Emergence of Minorities in the Middle East the Politics of Community in French Mandate Syria, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2011.
Zabad, Ibrahim, Middle Eastern Minorities: The Impact of the Arab Spring, New York: Routledge, 2019.


Teilnahmebedingungen This class is based on interactive learning teaching methods. Students are expected to attend classes regularly, have done the weekly readings provided in the syllabus (available on ADAM) and be prepared to actively participate in seminar discussions. Besides, students are expected to prepare one oral presentation, based on one text (15 minutes presentation). During their presentation, students provide a PowerPoint (with 1-2 slides – template provided on ADAM). Additionally, students are expected to submit 2 “reaction papers” (instructions provided below). For students who aren’t able to present a text orally during class, 3 reaction papers are mandatory.
Absence policy: missing a maximum of 2 classes (1 session) is allowed.
Unterrichtssprache Englisch
Einsatz digitaler Medien kein spezifischer Einsatz


Intervall Wochentag Zeit Raum
14-täglich Dienstag 14.15-17.45 Biozentrum, Seminarraum 01.006


Datum Zeit Raum
Dienstag 17.09.2024 14.15-17.45 Uhr Biozentrum, Seminarraum 01.006
Dienstag 01.10.2024 14.15-17.45 Uhr Biozentrum, Seminarraum 01.006
Dienstag 15.10.2024 14.15-17.45 Uhr Biozentrum, Seminarraum 01.006
Dienstag 29.10.2024 14.15-17.45 Uhr Biozentrum, Seminarraum 01.006
Dienstag 12.11.2024 14.15-17.45 Uhr Biozentrum, Seminarraum 01.006
Dienstag 26.11.2024 14.15-17.45 Uhr Biozentrum, Seminarraum 01.006
Dienstag 10.12.2024 14.15-17.45 Uhr Biozentrum, Seminarraum 01.006
Module Doktorat Near & Middle Eastern Studies: Empfehlungen (Promotionsfach: Near & Middle Eastern Studies)
Modul: Erweiterung Gesellschaftswissenschaften B.A. (Bachelor Studienfach: Politikwissenschaft)
Modul: Erweiterung Gesellschaftswissenschaften M.A. (Master Studienfach: Politikwissenschaft)
Modul: Europäisierung und Globalisierung (Masterstudium: European Global Studies)
Modul: Fortgeschrittene Nahoststudien (Bachelor Studienfach: Nahoststudien)
Modul: Geschichte, Literatur, Religion (Master Studienfach: Jüdische Studien)
Modul: Migration, Mobility and Transnationalism (Master Studiengang: Changing Societies: Migration – Conflicts – Resources )
Modul: Spezialisierung «Geschichte und Polititsche Bildung» (Masterstudium: Fachdidaktik)
Modul: Themen der Near & Middle Eastern Studies (Master Studienfach: Near & Middle Eastern Studies)
Modul: Transfer: Europa interdisziplinär (Master Studiengang: Europäische Geschichte in globaler Perspektive )
Modul: Vertiefung Geschichte (Bachelor Studienfach: Jüdische Studien)
Vertiefungsmodul Global Europe: Arbeit, Migration und Gesellschaft (Masterstudium: European Global Studies)
Vertiefungsmodul Global Europe: Friedens- und Konfliktforschung (Masterstudium: European Global Studies)
Wahlbereich Bachelor Jüdische Studien: Empfehlungen (Bachelor Studienfach: Jüdische Studien)
Wahlbereich Master Geschichte: Empfehlungen (Master Studienfach: Geschichte)
Leistungsüberprüfung Lehrveranst.-begleitend
An-/Abmeldung zur Leistungsüberprüfung Anmelden: Belegen; Abmelden: nicht erforderlich
Wiederholungsprüfung keine Wiederholungsprüfung
Skala Pass / Fail
Wiederholtes Belegen nicht wiederholbar
Zuständige Fakultät Philosophisch-Historische Fakultät, studadmin-philhist@unibas.ch
Anbietende Organisationseinheit Fachbereich Nahost-Studien